Monthly Archives: November 2016

RFID Technology Applications

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Before we explain about RFID technology applications, you need to know about the Automatic Identification first. What is Automatic Identification or Auto ID? It is a term for a technologies host that is used to support machines in identifying objects. Auto ID is often paired with automatic data capture. Many companies use this technology to help them identify the employee to some kind of data capturing system. The operation of this technology is like this; Companies capture information about the employees, and then the data get into the computer automatically.

rfid technology applicationsThe purpose of having this technology is to increase efficiency, decrease errors in data entry, and to make the staff is able to do something other than data entry, which is probably more important. There many technologies that are related to this auto-ID technology. These technologies are including voice recognition, bar codes, smart cards, biometric scans, optical character recognition, and RFID.

So, what is RFID? RFID stand from Radio Frequency Identification. It is a technology that can automatically identify people or objects using radio waves. There are some methods and identification of RFID. The most common method is to save a serial number that identifies a certain objects or person. This method is done on a RFID transponder, which is in form of microchip that is attached to an antenna. Basically, RFID consists of a tag that is made of antenna, microchip, and a reader. The system which works as the reader sends out waves that are electromagnetic.

This wave will be received by the tag antenna. Then, this passive RFID tag will get power from the field that is made by the reader. The power activates the circuits of microchip, so, the waves are modulated by the chip that the tag is able to send it back to the reader. And then, the reader turns the new waves data into digital.

RFID Technology Application in Security and Privacy

Because of the fast speed in identifying object, the RFID technology is become more and more popular than before in many industries. But, there are some security and privacy problem that this RFID has. There are some threats that are addressed by studies to RFID technology applications. Here are the threats:rfid technology applications

  • Cloning: the tag can be read by attacker and then clone it by writing all the data into other tags. It is possible because of the tags that are usually attached to the open environment products, such as in supermarket, schools, hospital, and other places.
  • Denial of Service: the RFID system can be crashed by the attacker by sending massive massage to the system. It will make the resource to be unavailable to the intended users. Because of that, the data would also be inconsistent to respond to other requirement of validity.
  • Replay Attack: When the valid data are transmitted, it can be delayed and repeated by the attacker. It is done to cheat or spoof the reader or the tag to get access data.
  • Eavesdropping: it is the major threat of RFID readers. The tag and reader communicate via open air, so it makes it easy for the attacker to quietly listen to all the things they communicate. It is because communicating via air such as radio frequency is easy to be eavesdropped or sniffed.
  • Data Forging: The dates, items, and prices, can be modify by the attacker. It would cause a great loss for the company if the tag can store more data.
  • Forward Security: the tag can be compromised by the attacker, it will result the attacker is getting the current relation date of the tag, such as resident data. Any of the shopping record can be traced back by the attacker.

RFID Tags Library Applications

It is the latest technology that is used in library. It is used for the library theft detection system. RFID is not like the system that is used before (Electro-Mechanical and Radio Frequency system). The RFID system moves beyond security in order to become tracking systems. That tracking system combines security with material tracking throughout the library efficiently. That tracking includes faster and easier charge and discharge, materials handling, and inventorying.

rfid technology applicationsThis technology is a combination of microchip technology and radio frequency technology. RFID is here in the library to replace the old ones, the EM or RF theft detection targets and barcodes. There are some advantages of using RFID technology in library you can have. RFID could save time, because it can read information much faster, so you can do check-in and check-out faster than before. Another advantage is to get the automated materials handling. You can sort the materials by the category by the separate bin with the help of RFID technology applications. Compared to barcodes, the RFID tags last longer. It is because of there is no contact with them.

RFID Technology and Its Application to Port Based Container Logistics

The using of RFID can give it the ability to identify the containers automatically. It will result the increase of speed in the activities. So, it would be great benefits to the manufacturers. It will also improve the resources productivity of customs authority and also the productivity of the terminal operator. The electronic seal will give the possibility to reduce the needed time for seal code identification for both the arrival and shipping of the port. The use of electronic seal can help to prevent the container from unauthorized opened. The RFID technology use help making this happen in all the supply chain. RFID helps the container position within the supply chain to have a better visibility.

Application of RFID Technology in Railway Track Inspection

Based on the survey on RFID technology applications in railway industry, there are 5 different RFID Technology Applications that are used in railway industry. Three of them are:

1. Ticketing system

With the RFID technology application and implementation, the ticketing system at present can be automated. Compared to the traditional ticketing system, RFID technology will make it more resistant to fake tickets. The automated ticket will facilitate contactless automatic identifications, so there will be some advantages over the conventional ticketing system that is paper-based. Furthermore, this automated ticketing system can be done through the phone or internet connection that could make the ticket checker check the ticket easier.

2. Identification and Positioning system

rfid technology applicationsThe RFID Technology Applications can be used for the purpose or RVI (Railway Vehicle Identification) system. It can work effectively where there’s no continous signaling system. This system is the one that makes the vehicle location/positioning system to be possible. The involvement of the RFID technology applications are in the working of this system.

RFID tag is mounted on the track, it transmits each corresponding location identity, and then it is received by the RFID Readers. The RFID readers are mounted on the sleepers and connected to the computer control system that is installed in the stop via a serial link.

3. Track Inspection system

Before RFID, it is done by the permanent way maintenance that is consisted of gangs under the supervision of gang mate. This patrol system checks a particular assigned section of track; it’s also required visual inspection. Sometime, that system is not accurate. The RFID technology applications can help to improve the standardization, operation control level, and the accurate patrol team monitoring.

RFID Technology Applications in Healthcare

In Healthcare, RFID technology Applications has a great role. Many hospitals and healthcare industry have used this technology in adopting leaner supply chain practices that is accompanied with manufacturing in order to improve safety and also get the cost pared down. Here are some examples:rfid technology applications

  • Decreasing Supply Stock: Overstocked supplies is become one of the annoying problems for the nurses in some hospital. With the use of RFID technology, it can help managing the supplies. So, it would get the supplies of the hospital to be well-managed, preventing it from overstocked.
  • Injection Safety: There is a handheld reader is used with RFID tags in the wristbands of the patient; it helps to matched with drugs with the prescription information electronically. It can be accessed by scanning barcodes.
  • Radiology: It’s an innovative approach to this technology. In some hospital in the US, they sewed RFID tags into the x-ray protection vest seams. It is done to reduce the time that the x-ray process takes to locate the vests.
  • Infection control: RFID tags can also be used to trace people who contact certain patients, especially the contagious ones. So, the hospital can control the infection from the patients.

RFID Technology Applications is not Something New

Actually, RFID Technology Application is not a new thing. This technology has been around for a long time. It began in 1970s, until now. Some companies do not use this technology because it’s expensive and too limited to be practical for commercial applications. If the tags can be made affordable, it could be the solution of many problems that is related to bar codes. This RFID technology is proven. Many companies get the advantages of RFID by investing in it. RFID is regarded as the labor-saving technology. It makes some workers laid off because of the fewer workers need if the RFID system is running in the company.

An Introduction to Bluetooth Technology Applications

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Introduction to Bluetooth Technology Applications

Nowadays, wireless technology is becoming an essential thing in electronic. This is why wireless technology introduction matters a lot. And apparently, this thing has motivated us to bring this article to you. As we see today, any electronics such as gadget, computer, even television has already completed with wireless technology inside. And one of these popular wireless technologies is Bluetooth. Bluetooth technology applications is used to transfer data between different electronic devices; it works in small distance compared to other wireless communication modes.

Having Bluetooth Technology Applications in a gadget is such a must. It makes the data transferring easier between two possible devices. And with Bluetooth Technology Applications, you are no longer need to use cords, cables, and adapters to communicate with other devices. So much simpler, right?

Talking about Bluetooth, there are various Bluetooth technology types you can get in the markets. Many commons products that use Bluetooth technology are also available in the stores. Some examples of these products are headsets, PC cards, Radios, Dongles, Gadgets, Laptops, Music players, and so on. And to give you more examples about it, here are some Bluetooth technology applications that we can find around us.

Applications of Bluetooth Technology in Railway Systems

An Introduction to Bluetooth Technology ApplicationsActually, the technology of Bluetooth is used not only for data transferring among gadget for leisure, but also for something more important. For example is buying train tickets. Yes, you can order the train ticket in a station instantly via your smartphone. So, in the station, you do not need to stand in a queue to get tickets in booking center. Instead of doing it, you can just use your smartphone with Bluetooth Technology Applications. This is the applications that is made in order to decrease the crowd in the railways station.

The problem with the conventional system of railways, is the long queues in front of ticket window. It is very inefficient, and cannot be scaled if the resources used to maintain them are not increased. Further, other railway system such as the use of smart cards and kiosks is also an issue. It can be overcrowded. It is because when people are about to get through the gate, they still need to be in crowd and being close physically to each other on the vending kiosk. So, the use of mobile phone and Bluetooth technology in railway system would be a great solution for this. Costumers do not need to be standing in queue anymore. They just can sit comfortably and buy a ticket via Bluetooth with their mobile phone.

Applications of Bluetooth Technology Based Smart Sensor Networks

As said before, Bluetooth has a small distance capability. It is the standard of a low power, short-range wireless communication. With this characteristic, it could be a challenge for smart sensor networks used, to be based on Bluetooth principle due to the low-power system. Here are some notes for implications of Bluetooth in the sensory system.

  • Battery life: The battery life will be drastically decreased, especially when the nodes constantly listen for, route, and relay network traffic.
  • Cost: The price of Bluetooth is pretty cheap, but it depends on the network coverage in a mesh. The price would be drastically increased or even decreased because of that. For example, when covering a large house, it would not be cheap, but a small house covering would not be expensive anymore.
  • Reliability: the network good chunk could be taken down if one node that is placed in key locations drops out of the mesh.
  • Latency: You’ll experience latency because of the route point. In a mesh network, if you want to get massage from point 1 to point 2, your data need to pass through the point 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 first.

Applications of Bluetooth Technology in Controlled Robot

There is a tutorial on some websites about how to make a Bluetooth-controlled robot. And interestingly, you can actually make it by yourself. It requires some extensive skills too. You can do it by yourself with some simple steps of hacking the robot, or other stuff such as RC and other connected devices. You can just simply download the application on your android smartphone, and once you have it, you can control your robot via Bluetooth.

Furthermore, there is some stuff that is required in order to do this project. There numbers of specific software and hardware you will need to complete it. You can find the detailed information about it on the DIY HACKING website. That website provides you the step by step tutorial to give your android smartphone full control of the robot. So, how does this work? It’s quite simple actually; the presence of Bluetooth Technology Applications is the reason that you can control it wirelessly. The android application with the smartphone’s Bluetooth communicates with the bluetooth module planted on the robot. When you press button on the app, it sends command to the robot via Bluetooth.An Introduction to Bluetooth Technology Applications

Applications of Bluetooth Technology in Greenhouse Environment Monitor and Control

Monitoring and control is the essential role in managing and producing Greenhouse. It will be a great thing for the management if it’s controlled wirelessly. The use of Bluetooth technology and Android device in monitoring and controlling Greenhouse Environment is a great solution. Because, the wireless monitoring and controlling that are based on Android smart phone would solve some issues relating to Greenhouse Environment. The issues such as poor real time data monitoring, excessive needs of manpower, and overcoming complex wiring, would definitely be solved.

With Bluetooth Technology Applications in Greenhouse management and production, you could monitor the temperature values; the moisture of soil, the continuously modified and controlled natural environment sunlight for maximum plant growth and yield. The parameter would be displayed on LCD. All the given parameters would also be sensed by respective sensor. It is using analog sensor output, it is given to microcontroller of ADC pin. The parameters are controlled by microcontroller. Using relay, microcontroller keeps them at some predefined levels.

Applications of Bluetooth Technology in Home Automation

First, you need to know about Home Automation. It is an automatic control to particular electrical and electronic system in a Home, House, or Building. You can control your Home’s electronics with your Android Smartphone via Bluetooth. This Home Bluetooth Technology Applications is exist because of the increasing demand for smart homes, people want things to be easy, they want to have the appliances to react automatically in order to change environmental conditions and it can be controlled easily via Android Smartphone.

It would be pretty cool when you can turn off/on your Air Conditioner just by touching your Android smartphone. Another example is that you can simply tap your phone and switch on/off the lights, fans, and other home appliances. People might be asking why using Bluetooth, not some other wireless technology which is probably much sophisticated than Bluetooth. An Introduction to Bluetooth Technology Applications

Bluetooth is preferable to be used because recently Smartphones are in people’s hand all the time. Further, as we know, all smartphones have Bluetooth features in them. So, your smartphone is not only functioned as your communication device but also your remote control for any appliances in your house. The advantages of using Bluetooth are its security, easiness, short distance range, and its compatibility.

Applications of Bluetooth Technology in BLE

Bluetooth Low Energy, or famously known as Bluetooth Smart, is a wireless network technology for personal area. The Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) is the one that designed this technology. You can find this technology in fitness, healthcare, security, beacons, and home entertainment industries. If classic Bluetooth and Bluetooth smart are standing side by side, you will see the different. The Bluetooth smart would get your power consumption more well-maintained.

In Healthcare applications, you can find some profiles for Bluetooth Smart Devices. They are, Blood Pressure Profile (BLP), Health Thermometer Profile (HTP), Continuous Glucose Monitor Profile (CGMP), and Glucose Profile (GLP). In Sports and Fitness Applications, there are Body Composition Service, Cycling Speed and Cadence Profile, Running Speed Profile, Location and Navigation Profile (LNP), Cycling Power Profile (CPP), Weight Scale Profile (WSP), and Heart Rate Profile (HRP). There are more useful profiles that are the products of The Continua Health Alliance using Bluetooth Technology Applications

While talking about history of BLE, this kind of Bluetooth Technology Applications was first introduced by Nokia in 2016. The name was Wibree at that time. Then, in 2010, they adopted the version 4.0 of Bluetooth Core Specification, after that merged Wibree into main Bluetooth standard.

Disadvantages of Bluetooth Technology Application

An Introduction to Bluetooth Technology ApplicationsBluetooth Technology Applications are used because of the advantages. Bluetooth is easy to use and it’s not complicated. It’s tough, it consumes Less Power, and the price is Inexpensive. It is the most common and popular wireless technology that people could have. But, besides the advantages, people need to know the disadvantages of using Bluetooth Technology Applications too.

Well, Bluetooth technology is not really secured. So, if you do not secure it well, it can be hacked from the outside. Further, your smartphone can also be infected with virus easily, it’s like you open the door for the virus to come in. But, you can prevent the virus or even kill it; with anti-virus software or app you can download in many applications stores. As said before, the short range or small distance communication is also one of the disadvantages of Bluetooth technology. Moreover, the use of Bluetooth technology is limited. You can only connect 2 devices at once; this technology only works in pair. In particular conditions, you can lose the connection.

After all, Bluetooth Technology Applications is important because of its mobility. The connection of Bluetooth can be set up with no need of power outlet, internet, or any other items. The devices tend to be easy to carry around everywhere. Despite all the disadvantages, the combination of Smartphone and Bluetooth Technology Applications is the perfect solution for your wireless issues. Well, that’s all about the wireless technology introduction